Hazrat Zainab رَضِیَ اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَنْہَا resembled him in this quality. See, al-‘Asqalani, Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Bari, (Beirut: Dar al-Ma‘rifa, 1379 AH) Vol.8, 523, [50] Al-Tha‘labi, Abu Ishaq, al-Kashaf wa al-Bayan ‘an Tafsir al-Qur’an, (Beirut: Dar Ihya’ al-Turath, 2002) Vol.8, 48, [51] Al-Qurtubi, Shams al-Din, al-Jami‘ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an, (Cairo: Dar al-Kutab al-Misriya, 1964) vol.14, 190-191, [52] Al-Tirmidhi, Hakim, Nawadir al-Usul fi Ahadith al-Rasul, (Cairo: Maktaba al-Imam al-Bukhari, 2008) Vol.1, 597, [53] Ibn al-‘Arabi, Ahkam al-Qur’an, (Beirut: DKI, 2003) Vol.3, 578, [54] Al-Andalusi, Abu Hayyan, al-Bahr al-Muhit fi al-Tafsir, (Beirut: Dar al-Fekr, 1420) Vol.8, 482, [55] Al-Jawziyya, Ibn al-Qayyim, Za’ad al-Ma’ad fi Hadyi Khair al-‘Ibad, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 1992) Ed. He too does not care to mention his authority for the report. Her real name is Barrah. I'm starting the series off with the daughter of the Prophet (S), Zainab bint Muhammad. It makes Zaid look to divorce Zainab as he thought the Prophet had developed liking for her. The above not only serves as another and decisive proof against the weak reports mentioned above it also helps make better sense of the report of Qatada which says the Prophet (ﷺ) actually desired that Zaid divorced Zainab. [4]:22 They had two children, Ali, who died in childhood, and daughter Umama.[4]:21[5]:162. It is, therefore, mu‘dal (truncated). So Zainab Bint Muhammad stayed in Makkah, until the battle of Badr occurred. (33:37)’ about Zainab bint Jahsh, Zaid had come to the Prophet complaining, and he wanted to divorce her, so he consulted with the Prophet. As the first two sons of Imam Ali (A.S),Hazrat Zainab was named by the prophet Muhammad (SAW) himself. Her mother is Amimah binti Abdul Muthallib bin Hasyim, the aunt of the Prophet Muhammad. So what did Allah make known or had it become manifest? Having seen that the story developed over time from nothing objectionable reliably traceable even to the followers (tabi‘un) let alone the companions to it becoming gross by the end of second/eight century, we shall now seek to find its possible origins. 4586; Abu Dawud, al-Sunan, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 2009) No. The mother of Zainab is Hindun binti ‘Auf bin Harits bin Hamathah. Until one day, when her husband went to work, Zainab visit his mother. Her real name is Barrah. 327, 1444, 8945, 16283, Ibn Hibban, al-Sahih, No. [23], We do not know when Sulaim was born or when he died. Al-Dhahabi mentions that scholars have agreed on rejecting his narrations.[39]. Naturally, the guesswork about another person’s feelings especially of someone you never have had the opportunity to interact with does not establish anything. [3]:316 The next morning, Zainab sat among the women at dawn prayers and shouted: "I have given protection to Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi!" Without giving any chain of authorities Maqatil b. Suleman mentions a long narrative about the proposal and marriage of Zaid with Zainab. Abul-'As was set free; he returned to Makkah, and sent Zainab to Medina as he had promised to do. She married her maternal cousin, Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi', before December 610,: 313–314: 21: 162 and Khadija gave her a wedding present of an onyx necklace. In Qatada’s report Zaid complained of Zainab’s words and expression and wanted to divorce her for this reason, here he is willing to sacrifice for the Prophet (ﷺ). She replied, “As he turned away, I heard him say: ‘Glory be to God the Almighty! Accordingly Yahya b. Salam (d. 200/815) writes: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يعجبه أن يطلقها زيد من غير أن يأمره بطلاقها, The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) wished that Zaid would divorce Zainab without being asked to do so.[60]. Al-Sha‘bi’s freedslave Sulaim who had the paedonymic surname Abu Salama is considered a weak narrator. Zainab listen to information about Islam from her mother, Khadija .. فقال: لا والله يا رسول الله، ما رابني منها شيء، ولا رأيت إلا خيرا فقال له رسول الله ص: امسك عليك زوجك واتق الله، فذلك قول الله عز وجل: «وإذ تقول للذي أنعم الله عليه وأنعمت عليه أمسك عليك زوجك واتق الله وتخفي في نفسك ما الله مبديه» ، تخفى في نفسك ان فارقها تزوجتها. A man named Habbar ibn Al-Aswad threatened her with his lance[3]:314–315 and pushed her. 37 (Saint John Of Damascus – Writings), translated by Frederic H. Chase, Jr. (New York: Fathers of The Church, Inc., 1958) 157, [65] Sahas, Daniel J., John of Damascus on Islam – the “Heresies of the Ishmaelites”, (Leiden: Brill, 1972) 38-39, 47-48, [66] Powers, David S., Muhammad Is Not the Father of Any of Your Men: The Making of the Last Prophet, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009) 29, [67] Khoury, Adel Theodore, Polémique Byzantine contre l’islam; VIIIe-XIIIe siècles, (Leiden: Brill, 1972) 91-93, 263-266, [68] Khoury, Adel Theodore, Apologetique Byzantine Contre L’Islam (VIIIe-XIIIe siècles), (Altenberge: Christlich-Islamisches Institut, 1982) 8ff, [69] Tolan, John V., Saracens – Islam in the Medieval European Imagination, (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002) 54, 61, 92, 149, 152, 210, [70] al-Tabarani, Mu’jam al-Kabir, Vol.24, 42-43 No. Al-Kalbi’s (d. 146/763) version combines (rather blends) Zaid’s understanding of Prophet’s (ﷺ) alleged feelings with his complaint about Zainab’s behavior. Jahsh (d. 20/641) all of whom died before his birth. And he got his family has been getting a gift with the appointment, his father, Muhammad. Once, when they were sitting together, Mohammed said: ‘Oh, by the way, God has commanded me to take your wife. (b) ‘Abdullah b. …. Firstly, if we look at isnad (chain of narrators) of all these report we see them continuously receding. The texts reported through the above chains of reporters also differ too much to see them as mutually corroborating. Two; She was the wife of Thufail bin Harith bin Abdul Muttallib. She was eldest child of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). Just as she left to do something, the Prophet (ﷺ) looked at her, lowered his head and said: Glory be to him who directs the hearts and eyes. This tribe was under the special responsibility of the Prophet and he married Zainab R.A … All it says is that the Prophet (ﷺ) wished that Zaid divorced her on his own accord and that he may not have to tell him to do it. It was likewise reported from Isma‘il al-Suddi (d. In fact he hailed from family with Roman Christian roots. He almost entered upon him – (Mu‘mal said:) I am not sure if it is Hammad’s comment or part of the hadith itself — Zaid bin Haritha came to him complaining about (his wife). Zayd immediately went to see the Prophet and offered to divorce his wife. Her children were Muawiya, Awn, Munqidh, Ibrahim, Harith, Rabta, Khadija, Sukhayla, , Amina, Safiya. There is a dispute about her father. Hind bint ‘Utbah, wife of Abu Sufyaan, saw what they did together with her husband, teased them saying sarcastically, “In war you are like women and in peace you are harsh”. Taking into account the above narration as well the following students of Hammad b. Zaid (d. 179/795) have  narrated this hadith via Thabit (d. 127/745) from Anas: حدثنا مؤمل بن إسماعيل، حدثنا حماد بن زيد، حدثنا ثابت، عن أنس قال: أتى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم منزل زيد بن حارثة، فرأى امرأته زينب فكأنه دخله – لا أدري من قول حماد، أو في الحديث – فجاء زيد يشكوها إليه، فقال له النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: ” أمسك عليك زوجك، واتق الله ” قال: فنزلت: {واتق الله وتخفي في نفسك ما الله مبديه} [الأحزاب: 37] ، إلى قوله {زوجناكها} [الأحزاب: 37] يعني زينب, Mu‘mal b. Isma’il – Hammad b. Zaid – Thabit – Anas who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) came to Zaid b. Haritha’s place, and saw his wife Zainab. Once separated from the false narrations and knowing that the Prophet (ﷺ) had been told that Zaid and Zainab would divorce and that he would then marry Zainab the report of Qatada simply means that while he did not want to ask Zaid to divorce or to even share with him what he knew was destined even as Zaid came to him for consultation on the issue. It happened as Allah had decreed. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zainab bint Muhammad has received more than 543,664 page views. عن معمر , عن قتادة … قال قتادة: جاء زيد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال: إن زينب اشتد علي لسانها , وأنا أريد أن أطلقها , قال له النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: {أمسك عليك زوجك واتق الله} [الأحزاب: 37] , والنبي يحب أن يطلقها ويخشى قالة الناس إن أمره أن يطلقها , فأنزل الله تعالى: {وتخفي في نفسك ما الله مبديه وتخشى الناس والله أحق أن تخشاه فلما قضى زيد منها وطرا} [الأحزاب: 37] قال قتادة: لما طلقها زيد {زوجناكها} [الأحزاب: 37], Ma‘mar – Qatada: … Qatada said: Zaid came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said:  Zainab’s has been tough on me with her tongue and I wish to divorce her. from the generation that met and reported on the authority of the companions. The men who hurt Zainab were jubilant of their deed and even thought that her return to her husband’s house was a victory over the Prophet (peace be upon him). Zainab bint Muhammad (Arabic: زينب بنت محمد‎‎) (599— April, 630 AD).. Later, Abul-'As also went to Medina, accepted Islam, and lived with the Muslims. Zainab said, ‘I followed him and listened him say, ‘Praise be to the One who turns the hearts.’ He kept saying this until he left.’[28], Abu Bakr b. Suleman b. Abi Hathma was among the later tabi‘in i.e. The content also shows signs of incredulous story making. : 13 Her maternal aunts were Muhammad's daughters Ruqayyah, Umm Kulthum and Fatimah. 6848, [24] Al-Dhahabi, Siyar al-A‘lam al-Nubala, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 1985) Vol.9, 248, [25] Al-Suyuti, Jalal al-Din, al-Durr al-Manthur fi al-Tafsir al-Ma’thur, (Cairo: Marakaz al-Hijr, 2003) Vol.12, 61-62, [26] Actually a part of each of these two works has been published. The textual Analysis Conceptions, and lived with the Muslims much to see them continuously.. Is “ Extremely Reprehensible ” ( munkar jiddan ) Muhammad migrated to Medina mistakes with chains of also. 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